ULTRASONOGRAM: An ultrasound / SONOGRAPHY is a procedure that uses high-frequency sound waves to scan the internal organs of the body - woman’s abdomen and pelvic cavity, the reproductive system and the fetus of a pregnant woman creating a picture (sonogram) of the baby and placenta. Although the terms ultrasound and sonogram are technically different, they are used interchangeably and reference the same exam. They can show the structure and movement of the body's internal organs, including the abdomen, the fetus of pregnant women as well as blood flowing through blood vessels.
ECG: Electrocardiograms — also called ECGs or EKGs — are often done in a doctor's office, a clinic or a hospital room. ECG machines are standard equipment in operating rooms and ambulances. Some personal devices, such as smart watches, offer ECG monitoring. Ask your doctor if this is an option for you.
ECHO: An echocardiogram (echo) is a graphic outline of the heart's movement. During an echo test, ultrasound (high-frequency sound waves) from a hand-held wand placed on your chest provides pictures of the heart's valves and chambers and helps the sonographer evaluate the pumping action of the heart.
PATHOLOGY: Pathology is a branch of medical science that involves the study and diagnosis of disease through the examination of surgically removed organs, tissues (biopsy samples), bodily fluids, and in some cases the whole body (autopsy). Aspects of a bodily specimen that may be considered include its gross anatomical make up, appearance of the cells using immunological markers and chemical signatures in the cells. Pathology also includes the related scientific study of disease processes whereby the causes, mechanisms and extent of disease are examined. Areas of study include cellular adaptation to injury, necrosis (death of living cells or tissues), inflammation, wound healing, and neoplasia (abnormal new growth of cells). Pathologists specialize in a wide range of diseases including cancer and the vast majority of cancer diagnoses are made by pathologists. The cellular pattern of tissue samples are observed under a microscope to help determine if a sample is cancerous or non-cancerous (benign). Pathologists also employ genetic studies and gene markers in the assessment of various diseases.
ABP: Ambulatory Blood Pressure (ABP) monitoring is a diagnostic tool designed to monitor the blood pressure over 24 hours and thus gain an overall profile of variation in a day. It is a portable test undertaken in the course of a normal day. The test is entirely painless however some pressure on the arm may be felt when the blood pressure cuff is inflating. It can be used for infants, children or adults.
TMT (TreadMill Test) : The TMT Testing takes into account, the measurement of the blood circulation inside the body (blood pressure) when a patient walks/runs on a treadmill. TMT Testing helps to determine the impact which a physical stress can have on your heart. The test is conducted to find out how efficiently your heart responds when you’re made to exercise in a cloistered environment. The test is performed on OPD basis and requires no hospitalization.
CIMT: The carotid intima-media thickness test (CIMT) is a measure used to diagnose the extent of carotid atherosclerotic vascular disease. The test measures the thickness of the inner two layers of the carotid artery—the intima and media—and alerts physicians to any thickening when patients are still asymptomatic.
HOLTER: A Holter monitor is a small, battery-powered medical device that measures your heart's activity, such as rate and rhythm. Your doctor may ask you to use one if they need more information about how your heart functions than a routine electrocardiogram (EKG) can give them.
PHARMACY: Pharmacy is the clinical health science that links medical science with chemistry and it is charged with the discovery, production, disposal, safe and effective use, and control of medications and drugs.
COUNSELING: Counseling is a collaborative effort between the counselor and client. Professional counselors help clients identify goals and potential solutions to problems which cause emotional turmoil; seek to improve communication and coping skills; strengthen self-esteem; and promote behavior change and optimal mental health.